Leading in the AAA’s in 1949
Scottish athletics has often been enriched by the presence of Irish runners. During the dark years of the 1920’s and 1930’s many Irishmen came to Scotland looking for or following the work that was available. For instance a large group came to Clydebank to work on The Empress of Britain and stayed on, or left and came back to help build Job Number 534 (The Queen Mary). Many signed up with Clydesdale Harriers with the best being Hans Noble, who ran for Ireland in the International Championships in Wales in 1933. He was to return after the war and become the first official coach in the club – in common with other clubs pre-war, his predecessors in the role were designated ‘trainers’. However, the one who made the biggest impact in the country was almost certainly John Joe Barry. When in Scotland, he ran for the small St Machan’s AC based in Lennoxtown under the Campsie Fells and he would go on set world records and win many championships and become one of Ireland’s best ever runners.
He was born in the United States, in Joliet, Illinois on October 5th 1925. After leaving school he joined his local club, Ballincurry AC when he was 19 and for the remainder of his running career he was known as The Ballincurry Hare – and that nickname became the title of his autobiography published in 1986 but now, sadly out of print. While with Ballincurry AC, he won the Irish cross-country title plus the track mile and four miles championships in 1945. After joining the Civil Service Harriers, he he won the half mile and mile championships in 1946 and in 1947 he ran an Irish record for the mile of 4:15.2 breaking the 4:15.6 set by Tommy Conneff in 1895 which was a world record at the time. In 1948 he won the half mile and mile titles again running in the colours of Clonliffe Harriers. In 1949 he won the SAAA three miles and also the AAA three miles. When he won the 1950 American indoor mile title he held simultaneously the Irish, Scottish, English and American mile titles. He had gone to America to attend Villanova University, the first of many Irishmen to do so. He graduated in commerce and finance in 1954 following which he spent most of his business career in the States. After he retired he returned to live the rest of his time in Dublin, where he died in December 1994.
His personal best times were: 1500 – 3:51.4 (1949); Mile – 4:08.6 (1949); 2 miles – 8:59.0 (1949); 3 miles – 13:56.2 (1949); 5000 – unknown.
John Joe Barry lived and competed in Scotland in 1948 and 1949 racing a lot – many said too much – and in 1949 was the best and most consistent distance runner in the British Isles. We will look here at the lead-in to and then his wonderful 1949 summer season. His 1948 Scottish season was not notable but the first mention we get of him is in the ‘Scots Athlete’ of December 1948 which simply says, “Another favourite with the fans is the Irish miler JJ Barry. Now resident in Lennoxtown we should see plenty of him next season. Although apparently established as a miler, it is possible that the “Ballycurren Hare” may yet gain even further distinction over the longer stretches.” Although he didn’t seem to race much over the country, in the Midland District Championships on 5th February 1949, the winner was JJ Barry of St Machan’s AAC by a second from JF Fleming of Motherwell YMCA. Eddie Taylor’s race report read “Olympic runner JJ Barry of St Machan’s AC getting there by one second before Jim Fleming of Motherwell YM followed by Jim Stuart of Shettleston 20 secs behind. These three dominated the race taking it in turn to be in the lead and trying to ‘break away’. John Joe made an effort twice in the wood to cut loose, Stuart had one or two tries and Fleming about half a mile to go tried to shake off the opposition, but all these endeavours were unsuccessful and it was ‘cat and mouse’ to the finish. Barry obviously has the class and these three reputed milers will shake up our long distance stars for National honours.”
The report in the ‘Glasgow Herald’ on the Ibrox Sports organised by Bellahouston Harriers on 28th May, 1949, started “JJ Barry’s winning time of 14 min 30.2 sec in the special three mile race was remarkably good considering the conditions. Seconds were lost because of the gusty wind with which he and the other competitors had to contend in the finishing straight which had to be traversed in each lap of the 12 lap journey. Andrew Forbes, the Scottish champion, cut out the pace for most of the race. He led at one mile in 4 min 48 sec and at two miles in 9 min 50 sec and still had a chance of beating his own record of 14 min 32.2 sec. It was obvious however that the all-comers record of 14 min 03.4 was in no danger of being broken. Over the last lap Forbes continued to lead but with 300 yards to go HA Olney (Thanes Valley Harriers) shot out from behind and Barry immediately followed him. The pair raced up the home straight but 30 yards from the tape, Barry went to the front and, confidently glancing over his left shoulder, the Irishman won by two yards from the Englishman with Forbes another 30 yards behind. Forbes covered the distance in 14 min 34.8 sec.”
In the Glasgow Police Sports at Hampden on 11th June, Barry took on Fred Wilt of the Unites States in a special two miles race in which both men ran from scratch in a handicap event. The ‘Herald’ said:“One of the best races in the programme was the two miles in which JJ Barry of Eire found more than his match in Fred Wilt of the United States. Finishing the first mile in 4 min 32 sec, the Irishman did more than he was accustomed to do by making the pace. Neither he nor Wilt was concerned about the field of handicap runners during the first mile and a half. Then both made substantial progress, and over the last lap the American put in a finish with which the Barry was unable to cope. He as well as the winner was inside the 45 year old record of Alfred Shrubb, the winner by 4.4 sec and Barry by 3 seconds.
In the April issue of the magazine there was a report on the all-Ireland championships held at Finglass where Steve McCooke won for the third time in four years over a minute in front of John Joe who finished strongly to be second just one second in front of third man P Fahy. The international that year was held at Baldoyle Racecourse in Dublin and he was second Irish finisher (14th) in the team that finished third. He was one place in front of Scotland’s first finisher Andy Forbes of Victoria Park by seven seconds. Emmett Farrell, in the preview of the SAAA Championships to be held in June said.“JOHN JOE BARRY IS ELIGIBLE. Now resident in Lennoxtown, and running under the colours of the local St Machan’s, John Joe Barry will be eligible for this year’s championships. Thus early in the season John Joe has shown that his cross-country efforts have not blunted the brilliant speed which earned for him the title of ‘The Ballycurren Hare’ Barry is both versatile and unorthodox to such an extent that he could run in the 1 mile or the 3 miles or even both events. Should he confine his attentions to the mile, he would appear to have the edge on his opponents including holder Jas. Fleming and ex-holder Frank Sinclair. Still the Motherwell man should be capable of improvement and could the latter really get down to a serious preparation, well even Barry would know he had been in a race.”
On Monday evening of 13th June, at Helenvale Park in Glasgow, John Joe ran one and a half miles in 6:33.8 – a world’s best time for the distance. The distance was not recognised as a world record because the distance was not recognised but nevertheless it made the whole athletics world sit up and take notice. The Glasgow Herald athletics correspondent said: “John J Barry the St Machan’s and Clonliffe Harrier (Eire) runner created a new world record for one and a half miles at Helenvale Park last night when at St Machan’s Sports meeting he covered the distance in 6 minutes 33.8 seconds. Barry’s time was 2-10th sec faster than the previous best set by Glenn Cunningham (USA) in 1937 and 2.7 better than the British record set by Tom Riddell (Shettleston Harriers) in 1935. With the Scottish mile and three mile champions J Fleming and A Forbes running from 20 and 25 yards respectively Barry covered the first mile in 4 min 22 sec and had his field well in hand. Round the last lap he put in a superb effort to beat W Lennie (Vale of Leven) to whom he was conceding 85 yards and won by 30 yards.” A world record set in Glasgow in a handicap race at a meeting organised by St Machan’s AC from Lennoxtown. That’s a thing that will never be seen again – and not just because St Machan’s AC is defunct. I’ll say more about the club below.
Andy Forbes and Barry had some great duels and none more exciting than in the SAAA Championships in June, 1949, in the Three Miles Championship. The Herald’: “Probably the best achievement on Saturday, was that of A Forbes in the three mile event. In one of the finest races seen in Scotland for many a day, Forbes covered the distance in 4 min 18.4 sec – 13.8 sec better than his previous native record. JJ Barry (St Machan’s) the winner of the event in 0.2 sec faster time put in a tremendous finish to catch the Scot.”
The report by Emmet Farrell in his ‘Running Commentary’ in the Scots Athlete also made a bit more of Forbes’s running than of Barry’s but gave his reason why. “The duel between John Joe Barry and Andy Forbes in the 3 miles was a classic and will be a fragrant memory to those privileges to be present. Forbes in particular ran the race of his life and although losing his title cracked his own native record to the tune of 14 seconds, a remarkable display of powerful and artistic running. It may seem churlish to lavish more praise on the runner-up than the victor. Barry after all came back in magnificent fashion after his disappointing show in the half mile to win the three miles title in gallant fashion despite the reaction caused by his earlier racing and previous heavy programme. He too proved himself a “bonny fechter”. But we knew John Joe was capable of such running. On the other hand, Andrew Forbes surpassed himself. Not only did he bear the heat and burden of the day, by assuming the role of pace maker, but he took John Joe right to the tape, demonstrating an entirely unsuspected brand of finishing power.
The finish of 1949 SAAA Three Miles Championship
Despite Barry’s four star display in the 3 miles at Hampden, I had a feeling that he was beginning to feel the strain of his recent terrific programme yet the proof of the pudding is the eating. A few days later the Tipperary man completed the mile at Helenvale Park in the wonderful time of 4 mins 12.1 secs , just 1.1 secs outside Wooderson’s all-comers record of 4 mins 11 secs. Barry lapped in respectively 61, 64, 66 and 61.2 secs. Wooderson in 60, 64, 66 and 61 secs. A remarkable similarity indeed.
As if that were not enough, Barry competed at Dublin next day where he gave an example of his amazing powers of recuperation. In the 2 miles invitation event he ran clean away from Douglas Wilson who joined him on the scratch mark and passed Andy Forbes off the 35 yards mark to put up the magnificent time of 8 mins 59 secs, 6 secs faster than the time put up by Sidney Wooderson 3 years ago and claimed as a world record for a grass track. Barry’s time is the fastest ever run in these islands. The British record stands to the credit of Gunder Hagg of Sweden with his time of 9 mins 0.6 secs set at the White City in 1945. Incidentally, though again beaten by Barry, Andrew Forbes ran another grand race, clocking an approximate time of 9 mins 17 secs, only 4 secs outside Scottish native record time.”
Barry went on to win the AAA’s 3 miles on 16th June at the White City. “Andrew Forbes (Victoria Park) knew quite well that to figure among the leaders at the finish of the three miles he had to get out to the front, and so he made most of the pace in the early stages, and then JJ Barry, who was the favourite for the race, took a hand in the leading out work. Between them they they reeled off the first mile in 4 mins 47.6 secs, two miles in 9 mins 33 secs and despite a determined challenge by the Englishman AH Chivers Barry stayed on to win in 14 mins 11 sec. Forbes finished fourth behind HA Olney in 14 mins 36.8 secs, a time which he has beaten handsomely more than once.”
This prompting Emmet Farrell to mention him as a possible British athlete of the Year. “John Joe Barry has of course put up the most consistently high standard of performances in these islands. Technically John Joe does not rank as a British runner as in International competition like the European or Olympic Games he would represent Eire. The great Irish runner is the promoter’s dream, a colourful, brilliant whole-hearted trier. Last year he ran like a novice this year he is on the fringe of world class. What of the future? Sooner or later he must meet men of the Reiff-Zatopek class. Will he endeavour to conserve his energies somewhat? Will he get down to a definite schedule? We shall see.”
Before meeting these stars however, it was back to earth with a bump when he ran a mile at Linlithgow the following week in 4 minutes 20.8 seconds but could only finish fifth – he was conceding starts up to 165 yards in the handicap. A week later in the Vale of Leven Sports he had a tussle with Walter Lennie of the home club (who had a 55 yard start on him) to finish second to the home runner by the width of a vest in 4:20.5. On August 6th at the Rangers Sports, Barry “was his usual rampant self” in winning the two miles – “never before had he made his opponents appear such novices” – from Andy Forbes (off 20 yards) and James Reid (off 40 yards) in 9:14.2. On 13th August in the international between England & Wales and Scotland & Ireland, he won the three miles in 14:41.6. On 27th August he set a new Irish record for the mile of 4 minutes 8.9 seconds. The ‘Herald’ said: “JJ Barry whose previous best time for the mile was 4 mins 9.4 secs failed in his attempt in Dublin to reach the goal of all milers – a four minute mile. He did, however, set a new Irish record of 4 mins 8.9 secs. A second lap of 65 seconds ruined his chances, but his times for the first third and fourth laps of 60.6, 60.7 and 61.3 seconds were creditable efforts.”
At the start of September he ran in Belgium over a mile against Willy Slijkhuis of Holland but was beaten by almost four seconds – 4:12.4 to 4:16.0 – and the report on the race in the Scots Athlete ended with the following paragraph: “Unless he changes his mind Barry intends to settle in the USA after appearing in the indoor season early next year, and if so we may see him only on rare occasions if at all. I feel certain that the “Ballycurran Hare” will prove a popular figure over there. Our loss will be America’s gain.” And so it proved – John Joe moved to USA and was the first of many great Irish runners to study and train at Villanova University.
Over his career, John Joe Barry won nine Irish track titles, one Irish senior cross country title, one English AAA 3-mile title (1949), one Scottish AAA 3-mile title (1949), and one American indoor mile title in 1950. He won his Irish cross country title as well as an Irish mile and 4-mile title in 1945 with Ballincurry AC. In 1946 he won the 880 yard and mile titles with Civil Service Harriers, in 1948 he won the 880 yard and mile titles with Clonliffe Harriers, and in 1949 he won the 880 yard, mile and 3-mile titles also with Clonliffe Harriers.
The St Machan’s club in Lennoxtown was set up by Father Denis O’Connell in a little village under the Campsie Fells just north-east of Glasgow. During his early years in Scotland, Father O’Connell was alarmed at the divide between Catholic and Protestant and set about using athletics as a means to bring the communities closer together. Among his activities was a Community Games where all could come together and he also established the St Machan’s Athletic Club. During his time in Lennoxtown, 1941 to 1949, the club grew steadily with John Joe Barry being an outstanding example to all in the area, not just the athletes. Strangely enough, his departure to Methil in Fife coincided almost exactly with John Joe’s move to USA. He organised sports meetings in Lennoxtown and further afield bringing many of the very best athletes in Scotland to compete there.
Father Whelan in Lennoxtown presents John Joe with a trophy: Father O’Connell in the middle.
John Joe Barry was the first of many, many famous Irishmen to travel to the United States – he was followed by such as Olympic champion Ron Delany, Eamonn Coughlan, Ray Flynn, Frank Murphy, Noel Carroll and Sonia O’Sullivan.
There is a mass of information about him on the internet but I only found one clip of him in action – winning a mile in Dublin in 1949 – and it is here at –
Look him up and read about him. A wonderful runner, a charismatic character and a great role model – we were fortunate that he ran in Scotland and brought out the best in our best men as well as bringing the crowds out to athletic meetings.